Coleman US stoves – early 1940s – early 1950s


Coleman in Wichita made this Model 415C stove in 1940-43 (Joe Pagan).
This stove is in John Stendahl’s collection.
The tank is marked Solodur.
A sliding key is used to operate the left burner;
the burners are cast iron and add considerably to the weight of the stove.


Jules Folgate’s restoration of this Model 417B stove
included repainting the tank close to the original color.
Coleman made this model in the early 1940’s.
The stove features cast iron burners.
Jules reports that the stove “fired right up.”

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Coleman made these two Model 520 stoves for the military in WWII.
The stove on the left and covered in the right image) was one of perhaps only 1000 made in 1941 and has a nickel plated brass tank and brass fittings. The 520 stove in the middle has a steel tank and fittings and little brass; it is dated 1942.
These stoves are in Dean DeGroff’s collection.
You can see the funnel for the stove in the middle here.


This Coleman stove, in Michael Hawks’ collection,
may be a prototype for the Model 520 above.
note the adjustable height for the grate
by raising & lowering the frame uprights.

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Coleman made this Model 520-498 Battery Heater in 1943. The grate arms from a 520 stove were removed and a flue with a flue skirt and two latch bars and a funnel with a top clip and telescoping spout was added. The flue skirt can be raised to adjust the valve during operation (right image). The three hooks on the top of the flue lock it in place on the bottom of a battery box (not shown) for heating the batteries in cold weather. This battery heater is in John Bell’s collection.



The date stamp on this 520 stove is 1944 (lower image, left).
Coleman had reduced the number of legs on the model
from four (above stoves) to three (this stove) earlier in the war.
The stamping on the container (lower image, right) identifies
the container manufacturer as C.M.MFG.CO.
This stove is in Michael Lenz’s collection.


This Coleman Model 527 stove has a gasoline roarer burner
that generates 2,500 BTU’s.
The wrench on the chain also serves to operate the stove.
Two extra generators are in the tube under the tank at the right end.
This stove, in John Bell’s collection,
includes the instructional booklet with a printer’s date of Dec. 1943.



This Model 521 military heating unit has a 5000BTU burner and is dated ’45 A.
The steel can fits over the burner when not in use;
it was borrowed from a ’43 stove for this image.
The extra generator parts (lower image) can be cleaned for reuse.
The stove, in James Cowan’s collection,
came with the supports that will hold a much larger pot on the stove.


Another military heating unit, Model 522
is undated but was made between 1942-45
and has one 10,000BTU burner.
The diameter of the fount is 8 inches;
the unit is 13 inches tall to the top of the legs.
Two of the legs are replacements.


The Model 523 military burner unit has two burners. This one is dated 1943, the first year they were made, and only as a burner unit for the first few years (Hill). This one came in a metal case that appears to have been added after the factory. Someone added a couple of brackets to hold a cooking grate across the top. This stove is in Agostino Del Coro’s collection. You can see another one on this page.



This four, in-line military burner unit has the same 10,000BTU burners as the 522 stove above but is meant to be attached to the underside of a large cooking surface by the brackets at each end. Each 34 5/8″ long unit is easily removed for fueling and pressurizing by  loosening the thumb screws at the left end. The combination fuel level/pressure gauge (lower image) is mounted on the  left end of the tank. This unfired unit is in Logan Bourdon’s collection.



This undated Model 524 has four 10,000 BTU burners.
This particular heating unit was manufactured
between the mid 1940’s and the early 60’s
based on the use of a Postal Zone in the address.
Pairs of burners are controlled from opposite sides
This military heating unit is in Steve Miller’s collection.


Model 525 has two 10,000 BTU burners.
The tip cleaner valves are above the fuel control valves
on these Military Heating Units.
These military heating units have fittings in the top of the tanks
for supporting a grate as on Models 521 and 522 above.
This stove is in John Rugotzke’s collection.


This Model 526 unfired military heating unit came with the shipping box
and is date stamped A (we believe for Jan-Mar) 1943.
This model has a single, 5000 BTU burner.
There are no military markings on the stove or box
and we don’t know the origin or purpose of the metal tags on the operating parts.
This heating unit is in Michael Hawk’s collection.


This single burner “GI pocket stove,” Coleman Model 530 is dated A 46
which we interpret to be January-June, 1946.
It has a nickel plated fount, stainless steel top and aluminum pots/carrying case.
The fuel funnel is attached as on the military version Model 520
The wrench serves as a pot handle for either pot; the pots form covers for the stove.
The burners on this model and the earlier WWII 520 are also of the “roarer” type.


Coleman made two versions of this marine/trailer stove in the early 1950s>:
Model 345 burned kerosene and Model 348 burned alcohol.
This undated Model 348 is in Carl Tucker’s collection.
The burner on the left was placed on the grate for the photo.
Note the walls of the case are higher than the grates
to keep objects being heated above the burners.



Two burners were installed in each case to make the complete stove above.
The upper image here is of the top of one of the two 347 burners
and the lower image is just of the generator from this alcohol fueled burner.
The plate below the generator is stamped with the burner number and the fuel required.
These images are from a 348 stove in John Morris’ collection.



Two 344 burners were installed in each case to make
one model 345 kerosene fueled stove (upper image).
The generators used in the 344 burner are the obvious part difference
from the 347 burners above.
This Model 345 is in John Morris’ collection.


This Model 391A appears in catalogs for several years after World War II.
The cook top is 19 3/4″ x 10 5/8″.
Coleman advertised that the finishes were ivory and black baked enamels.
The stove has Band-A-Blu type burners
and rust resisting Solodur tank.
This stove is in Tim Tucker’s collection.


This Model 395 hotplate is undated but it was made by The Coleman Co.
after WWII as Model 391A above.
Joe Pagan restored this 3 burner stove which is in his collection.
The master burner is on the left;
each burner on the right has its own control knob.


Model 413C was manufactured by Coleman in the late 1940’s.
This stove is in Brien Page’s collection.
Note the flat bar on the cover which can be turned over the top
to serve as a towel rack.
Michael Malone notes it can also be used to support the lid
in a level position to provide a table surface.


Model 415D appears in the 1947 Jobbers Catalog.
This model is instant lighting and features two burners of pressed steel;
the burner rings are stainless steel. The rust proof Solodur tank is finished in brown lacquer. The body of this stove is finished in forest green baked enamel.
This stove, in Dana Kennison’s collection,
was less expensive than 413C above and had a smaller cooking surface.



Coleman in Wichita made the popular 425 series beginning in the late 1940’s.
These Model 425 (upper) and 425B (lower) stoves are undated.
Coleman used the parallelogram decals inside the top lids
on their stove models beginning in the late 1940’s.
Model 425 is in Suzanne Kennison’s collection,
While the unfired Model 425B is in Greg Rubin’s collection.


Coleman 426 is a 3 burner model that also dates to the late 1940’s.
The controls for the side burners project through holes
in each end of the stove case.
This stove is in Dave McFarlan’s collection.


John Stendahl dates his 426A stove to 1951 – 53.
He describes the corners and edges as having a tight radius
This and the towel rack shape
are the only differences he found between Models 426 and 426A.



After WWII the Coleman Speedmaster, Model 500 stoves
were made with green painted brass founts through the first half of 1946.
After that they were made with nickel plated brass founts (upper, dated 1949 A)
and after the first half of 1951 the founts were again made with green painted brass (lower, dated 1951 B).
The upper stove is in Luke Buettner’s collection.


Coleman 413D first appears in the 1950 Jobbers’ catalog
and was replaced by the “E” version circa 1954.
Model 413C is pictured above on this page
and Model 413E can be found here.
This stove is in John Stendahl’s collection.

© 2000-2019 Terry Marsh